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Nonce

In Ethereum, every transaction has a nonce. The nonce is the number of transactions sent from a given address. A nonce is a number that can only be used once. In cryptography, a nonce is a one-time code selected in a random or pseudo-random manner that is used to securely transmit a main password, preventing replay attacks.

Each time you send a transaction, the nonce value increases by 1. There are rules about what transactions are considered valid transactions, and the nonce is used to enforce some of these rules.

Specifically: Transactions must be in order. You cannot have a transaction with a nonce of 1 mined before one with a nonce of 0. You cannot have a transaction with a nonce of 2 mined if you have not already sent transactions with a nonce of 1 and 0.

This value prevents most cases of double-spending.

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